GREEN TECHNOLOGY CENTER

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STATUS OF
GREEN POLICY

STATUS OF GREEN R&D EXPENDITURE facebook print

Research and analysis overview

Research and analysis objectives

By analyzing the current status of the detailed projects on green technologies among the national R&D projects, it aims to set the future R&D direction and its priorities, utilize research results as basic data for establishing green technology policies, and provide the information for the related industrial, academic and research institutes.

Background of Research and Analysis

Conducting research and analysis on the current status of investment in national green technology R&D projects based on the 「Framework Act on Low Carbon, Green Growth」

※ Article 26 (Facilitation of Research, Development, and Commercialization of Green Technology)(1) The Government may establish and enforce measures, including the following matters, to facilitate research, development, and commercialization of green technology:

1. Collection, analysis, and furnishing of information related to green technology;

Research and analysis subjects and implementation system

  • Research and analysis subjects
    • The 2013 research subjects are 8,038 detailed research projects (3.026 trillion won) which were selected as green technology projects among the total national R&D projects* among the 273 projects of 18 ministries or government agencies
    • National R&D projects in 2013 include 559 projects and 50,865 specific projects implemented by 31 ministries and government agencies (16.9139 trillion won)
  • Selection and Verificarion of the detailed projects for green technologies
1. (Improvement in green technology classification system) Improvement in green technology classification to enter NTTS information (October 2010)
  • Fragmenting the green technologies into 57 technologies based on the classification of 37 green technology areas and 27 major green technologies
  • Listing codes and technology overview and keywords for 57 green technologies
2. (First-phase classification) Selecting candidates for specific green technology project (July 2014)
* While the project for policy and research planning, talent fostering project, establishment of research facilities, and organization operation fees were excluded, those directly related to the green technology classification system were selected

Selecting candidates for specific projects for green technologies examining research objectives, research results, expected effects and keywords set by the researchers at the stage of national R&D project research and analysis date entering

3. (Verification) Selecting and verifying specific projects for green technologies with the help of external experts for each technology(7.28.2014 ~8.1.2014) Hosting a workshop for external experts

Selecting specific projects for 2013 by hosting a workshop for external experts (43) in each technology area and by examining the selected candidates and 2012 green technology projects

4. (Internal examination) Examining and adjusting the result of the selection of the specific project for 2012(GTC, ~ end of August)

Examining and adjusting the second verification results by the external experts

5. Confirming the final list of the specific project after collecting opinions from the Ministry of Science, ICT and Future planning (~mid–September)

Finalizing the specific project list (8,038 projects) after the confirmation by the Ministry of science, ICT and Future Planning

6. Finalizing the green technology research and analysis DB based on the 2013 national R&D date(~early October)

Finalizing the green technology research and analysis DB based on the 2013 national R&D data(specific areas and figures)

7. Writing a report on current status of green technology investment in 2013 ( ~December)
  • Analyzing the current investment status of green technology R&D projects compared to the total national R&D projects
  • Specifically analyzing the current investment status by ministry, R&D stage and each of the 27 major green technologies

Research and analysis areas

- Research result analysis areas

Area Criteria
R&D stage Classified by the criteria of OECD ‘Frascati Manual’ (2002)
Research organization Organizations that actually implement research and development programs

- R&D stage

Classifying the R&D stages into basic research, applied research and development research based on the OECD criteria

Classification Criteria
Basic research Theoretical or experimental research at the first stage in order to obtain new knowledge on natural phenomenon and objects, without an aim for special application or commercial projects
Applied research Creative research to obtain new scientific knowledge using the basic research results for the practical objectives
Development research Systematic research to produce new products or equipment or to improve existing ones by using the knowledge obtained from the basic and applied researches or actual experiences
Others Other forms of research not belonging to the above cases

Source : OECD ‘Frascati Manual’ (2002)

- Research organizations

Research organizations refer to the organizations that actually conduct research and development activities using the R&D budget, and differ from propelling organizations

Classification Criteria
Industry
  • Large companies: companies with large-scale capital and a great number of employees and facilities
  • Small and medium-sized firms: companies with small or mid-scale capital and a small number of employees and facilities
Universities
  • Universities: 2-year and 4-year universities in the country
Research Institutes
  • National and public research institutes: Institutes directly operated by the government for the national needs
  • Government-funded research institutes: Institutes partly or entirely operated by the government funds
Government organizations
  • Government organizations: Ministry of Food and Drug Safety, Rural Development Administration, etc
Others
  • Non-profit organizations, research associations, academic associations, government-funded investment organizations, etc

Current status of green technology investment

▧ In 2013, investment in green technologies rose 11.8% (321.2 billion won) from the previous year to 3.36 trillion won, accounting for 17.9% of the total national R&D projects.

▧ In 2013, major green technology investment recorded 2.3126 trillion won, accounting for 76.2% of the total investment in green technologies.

  • The analysis results of the 8,038 detailed projects among the 273 project by 18 government organizations which were selected as detailed green technology projects in 2013.
    • In 2013, investment in green technologies rose 11.8% (321.2 billion won) from the previous year to 3.36 trillion won, accounting for 17.9% of the total national R&D projects
    • In 2013, major green technology investment recorded 2 trillion and 312.6 billion won, accounting for 76.2% of the total investment in green technologies and 13.7% of the total national R&D projects.
  • For the last six years, investment in green technologies rose 15.8%, investment in major green technologies increased 17.1%, and the number of projects and detailed projects increased 10.2% and 15% respectively.
    • Investment in green technologies rose significantly for the last six years asgreen technology investment grew 15.8%, twice of the increase of the total national R&D Projects (9%).
    • In 2013, the number of green technology project rose 5.4% to 8,038, showing15% of increase for the last 6 years.

Investment Amount and Task Number Trend for Green Technology National R&D Business (2008~2013)

Green Technology Investment Trend (2008~2013)

Current status of investment by government

  • ▧ About 90.6% of investment in green technologies came from the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Energy, Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport, Small and Medium Business Administration, Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries, and Ministry of Environment.
    · Among them, 68.1% came from the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Energy and Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning,
  • ▧ The yearly investment growth from the Nuclear Safety and Security Commission, Ministry of Health and Welfare, and Korea Meteorological Administration exceeded 50%.
  • Ministry of Industry, Trade and Energy and Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning accounted for 35.4% and 32.7% of the investment, respectively, and their combined investment recorded 68.1% among the total.
    • Six major ministries and organizations took up 90.6% of the green technology investment; Ministry of Industry, Trade and Energy 35.4%(1 trillion 73.5 billion won), Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning 32.7%(992.8 billion won), Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport 6.5% (198.8 billion won), Small and Medium Business Administration 6.2%(187.4 billion won), Ministry of Oceans and Fisheries 4.9%(148.4 billion won), Ministry of Environment 4.9%(148.3 billion won)
    • Among them, 68.1% came from the Ministry of Industry, Trade and Energy and Ministry of Science, ICT and Future Planning.
  • While Nuclear Safety and Security Commission (1,049%, 7.7 billion won) , Ministry of Health and Welfare (136.5%, 600 million won), Korea Meteorological Administration (57.5%, 29.2 billion won) showed an increase in investment by more than the average of 28.2%, investment decreased from Defense Acquisition Program Administration (81%, 47.4 billion won), Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism (71.5%, 17.9 billion won), and Ministry of Food, Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries (28.2%, 10.4 billion won).
    Based on the annual average growth rate for the last three years from 2011 to 2013, Korea Meteorological Administration (57.4%), National Emergency Management Agency (39.1%) and Ministry of Health and Welfare (34.5%) showed the highest increase.

Investment Ratio per Department (2013)

Investment Change Ratio per Department (2011~2013)

Current status of investment by research and development stage

  • ▧ For the last three years, research and development accounted for 50% of the total investment, and green technology projects were concentrated on development research.
  • ▧ Basic research showed the highest annual average growth of 21.6%.
  • In green technology investment, development research accounted for 47.2% (1 trillion and 432 billion won) in 2013.
    As for each research and development stage, development research accounted for 47.2%(1 trillion and 432 billion won) while basic research and applied research accounted for 26.4%(802.7 billion won) and 19.7% (599.2 billion won), respectively.
  • Basic research marked an year-on-year increase of 27.1% (170.9 billion won), applied researches 12.4% (66.2 billion won) and development researches 8.5% (112.7 billion won).
  • As for the annual average increase in investment for the last three years, basic researches showed the highest rate (21.6%), followed by applied research (11.9%) and development research (5.4%).

Investment Ratio per Department (2013)

Investment Change Ratio per Department (2011~2013)

Current status of investment by research organization

▧ Government-funded research institutes invested the most (35.3%), followed by small and medium firms (19.65) and universities (17.4%).
· Total investment volume has risen from the previous year as the annual average investment increasefrom government-funded institutes, small and medium firms and others exceeded the average of the total (9.2%).

  • As of 2013, government-funded institutes are the major research organizations handling 35.3% (1 trillion and 72.9 billion won) of green technology investment.
    By type of the research organization, government-funded institutes took up the highest rate of 35.3% (1 trillion and 72.9 billion won), followed by 19.6% (594.3 billion won) by small and medium firms and 17.4% (527.7 billion won) by universities.
  • Government-funded institutes (29.6%, 245.3 billion won) and small and medium firms (16.5%, 84.4 billion won) showed higher year-on-year increase in investment than the total average of 11.8%.
  • As for the annual average increase in investment for the last three years, small and medium firms showed the biggest increase of 16.9%, followed by government-funded institutes (11.9%) and universities (4.7%).

Investment Ratio per Department (2013)

Investment Change Ratio per Department (2011~2013)

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